Dental Curette: An essential tool for dental procedures

 Dental Curette Instruments

A curette is a surgical instrument that dentists use to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth. Dentists frequently use these instruments when performing scaling procedures. The dental curettes are actually small metal spoon-shaped tools with a sharp cutting edge on one side, which is used for scraping away hard deposits in order to expose the softer tissue underneath.

Dentists use curettes to clean hard-to-reach areas of the teeth and to remove plaque and tartar build-up. 

Curettes come in different sizes and are often classified according to their shape. Curettes can also be used for root planning, which is a procedure done to smooth the roots of the teeth in order to help prevent gum disease.

Benefits of Dental Curette 

A dental curette has many benefits in dentistry, as this tool can be used to perform various procedures.

  • This tool is ergonomically designed to make it comfortable for the person using it, which decreases fatigue when working on patients.

  • The blade can be rotated manually in this instrument to help effectively scrape plaque off the tooth surfaces.

  • Can be beneficial for people with gum disease. 

  • A curved head can get into hard-to-reach areas of the mouth.

  • Easy to use because it has a small head that fits right between your teeth.

  • A dental curette can be used to remove plaque and tartar from teeth.

  • Ideal for removing microscopic traces on the surface of teeth difficult to reach by hand.

  • Fits securely in your mouth.

  • Lessens gum recession.

  • Promotes optimal oral hygiene.

  • Cleans, polishes, removes stains.

  • Prevent gingivitis, bad breath, tooth decay, and other major illnesses.

  • Easier and more comfortable to use.

Uses of Dental Curettes:

The dental curettes are a class of instruments used for many different purposes. Following are some of its uses:

  1.  Remove calculus from deep Sub-Gingival surfaces 

  2.  For Root Planing

  3.  To remove the soft tissue lining from Periodontal Pockets

  4.  Used for  deep cleaning of infected pockets

  5.  Remove the altered cementum from the Sub-Gingival root surface

Types of Dental Curettes:

There are several types of dental curettes, each with its own specific purpose. Depending on their intended use, Curettes are often classified into two groups:

  1. Universal Curettes

  2. Gracey Curettes

1. Universal Curettes

Universal curettes are designed to be used on both the mesial and distal surfaces of teeth. They have blades that place them perpendicular in relation to their shanks, which enables these wideset blade instruments to cut against any tooth type including back molars as well! 

The curve on one side makes them easy for getting into tight spaces while also being efficient enough when trimming around edges or cutting off pieces between teeth. This makes it easy for you because there’s no need to find a different tool if your treatment requires removal or preparation- just grab one universal curette instead.

Universal curettes, also known as Columbia curettes because they were developed at the Columbia University College of Dental Medicine.

2. Gracey Curettes

The Gracey Curette blades are at a steep 60 to 70 degrees with the lower shank, which makes them different from Universal Cretessian ones.

As the blade of the curette is only offset by 70 degrees, so it has a low cutting edge and an upper non-cutting section, which makes it site-specific for use on teeth at different locations in your mouth – not just anterior or distal surfaces but also those in between!

These are the best curettes for deep gingival or root level scaling because they have been specially designed to fit one’s dentition.

Tips for using Dental Curette correctly 

The following tips will help you use a dental curette more effectively:

  • Be sure to hold the curette securely and at a comfortable angle in your hand.

  • Gently insert the curette into the space between the teeth and gums.

  • Slowly move the curette back and forth to loosen any plaque or calculus.

  • Do not apply too much pressure, as this can damage the teeth and gums.

  • Rinse the curette after each use with warm water and antibacterial soap.

  • Dry it off completely before storing it in its case.

How to use a Dental Curette?

A dental curette is a metal instrument with a small, spoon-like end used to remove plaque and calculus from teeth. It is inserted into the crevices between teeth and used to scrape away plaque and calculus.

The curette is usually held at a 45-degree angle to the surface of the tooth and moved back and forth in a scraping motion. It is important to use light pressure when scraping the teeth, as too much pressure can damage the enamel.

Why is it important to have a Dental Curette in your kit?

 A dental curette is an important tool to have in your kit because it’s a versatile tool that can be used for a variety of purposes, such as removing plaque and calculus from teeth, shaping and cleaning under the gums, and removing debris from around fillings.

How to take care of the Dental Curette so it lasts longer and remains sharp?

  • Thoroughly clean and sterilize your curette before and after use. 

  • Take care to protect the cutting edge of the curette during storage, as it can easily be damaged or dulled by contact with rough surfaces such as metal instruments.

  • Dispose of a blunt or broken curette properly rather than trying to sharpen it once more; the final effect will not be good regardless because repeated sharpening will wear away much of its cutting ability and still may not return to a sharp point. 

  • Be careful about how you dispose of it, as improper disposal can contaminate clean surgical instruments with potential contaminants from the handling process.


A dental curette is a very high-quality item for cyst removal and debridement of diseased or necrotic areas. Dental Curettes are the perfect tool for getting your teeth clean and healthy.

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