Dental Periotome: The Precision Tool for Tooth Extraction

Dental periotomes are perfect for the removal of teeth with minimal damage to the surrounding alveolar bone. Its thin sharp blades make it easy to sever the periodontal ligament, making it a great choice for those looking for an extraction procedure or placement of a dental implant.

The dental periotome is a surgical instrument that is used to cut through the gingiva and periosteum. It is designed for use in oral surgery and can be used to remove impacted teeth, prepare bone grafts, and more. The dental periotome is made from high-quality surgical steel, ensuring precision and accuracy during use.

Composition of Dental Periotome

The dental periotome has a thin tapering tip. The blade is sharp and pointy, making it perfect for posterior teeth! It comes in different designs with handles that are available at either straight or contra-angled shanks. The contra angled type is great for posterior teeth. The handle has serrations that allow a firm grip and makes it easy to use, even when your hands are wet!

Types of Dental Periotome

The dental periotome can be divided into different types on the basis of its blade.

  1. Dental Periotome, Single Ended
  2. Dental Periotome, Double Ended – Straight
  3. Dental Periotome, Double Ended – Curved

1. Dental Periotome, Single Ended

This dental periotome is designed with a single-ended head for use with a mallet when needed.

2. Dental Periotome, Double Ended – Straight

This type of periotome consists of a blade that is straight and thin. It is used to sever the periodontal ligament from the tooth root. These are used on the anterior teeth.

3. Dental Periotome, Double Ended – Curved

This type has a curved blade that is thicker than the straight periotome. It is used to sever the periodontal ligament from around the roots of multirooted teeth. It is used on the posterior teeth.

Benefits of Dental Periotome

There are many benefits to using a dental periotome. Some of the key benefits include:

  • It allows for a much more comfortable and precise extraction of the tooth than other methods. 
  • It is also less likely to damage the surrounding teeth and can be used in both children and adults.
  • It allows for the removal of teeth in a more controlled manner, reducing the likelihood of damage to surrounding tissues. 
  • It helps to prevent injury to adjacent teeth during tooth extraction.
  • The dental periotome is a very easy tool to use and can be operated with one hand. 
  • The dental periotome causes minimal bleeding. This not only minimizes discomfort for the patient but also reduces the risk of infection.

What does Dental Periotome do? 

A dental periotome is used to facilitate the removal of teeth. The periotome is inserted into the periodontal pocket adjacent to the tooth and then used to sever the ligamentum attachment between the tooth and the bone. This separation allows for easy removal of the tooth.

Periotomes can be used for an extraction procedure. They are also used to remove the overlying periosteum from around a tooth prior to extraction. Additionally, periotomes can be used to cut bone during surgical procedures.

They are also very effective during placement of a dental implant, as they can quickly and easily remove any soft tissue that may be in the way. Additionally, they can help to create a space for the implant to be placed into.

How to use a Dental Periotome?

A dental periotome is a wedge-shaped surgical instrument used to remove the gingiva (gum tissue) and periosteum (the membrane that covers bone). It can also be used to cut sutures.

The periotome is inserted into the space between the tooth and gum until the blade tip is felt under the gum tissue. The blade is then gently but firmly rotated until it cuts through the gingiva and periosteum. The instrument should be angled slightly towards the tooth root so that as much of the periosteum as possible can be removed. If needed, the sutures can be cut with the same instrument.

When to use a Dental Periotome?

A dental periotome is a tool used by dentists to remove inflamed gum tissue surrounding the root of a tooth. This tool is typically used when there is evidence of periodontal disease, which is a condition that can lead to tooth loss and other oral health problems.

Tips for using a Dental Periotome correctly 

There are a few things to remember when using a dental periotome:

  1. Make sure the blade is sharp. A dull blade can cause more damage than good.
  2. Insert the periotome into the space between the tooth and gum tissue very carefully. Do not force it in if it doesn’t fit easily.
  3. Gently rotate the periotome back and forth while applying pressure. Do not apply too much pressure, or you could damage the tooth or gum tissue.
  4. Be aware of your surrounding tissue and don’t cut into healthy gum tissue.
  5. When you’re finished, be sure to clean the blades and the tool with disinfectant. This will help prevent infection.

For what procedures can Dental Periotome use?

A periotome can be used for a variety of dental procedures, including gum surgery, root canal therapy, and tooth extraction. It is a quick, easy, and relatively painless way to separate gum tissue from the teeth without using harsh chemicals or surgical scalpels.


The dental periotome is an excellent tool for periodontal procedures. It is effective in removing calculus and soft tissue from around teeth. The periotome is also helpful for root planning and for debridement of the apical area. 

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